Sustainable Living House Designs
Choosing eco-friendly building materials reduces the environmental impact of your home. They also cost less upfront and can save you money in the long run by lowering your energy bills.
Sustainable houses are respectful of their environment and make the most of available resources to minimize energy consumption. They also use non-toxic materials to improve indoor air quality.
Earth-sheltered homes are unique, energy-efficient dwellings that blend into the surrounding landscape. They are also stormproof, earthquake-resistant, and fireproof thanks to their natural construction materials and insulation. They are usually built partially or fully underground, and they often feature a central atrium or courtyard to allow residents to get sunlight and air.
The earth itself acts as a major component of the building’s thermal control system, so it reduces heating costs in winter and cooling bills in summer. Additionally, the constant temperature of the earth reduces maintenance needs and helps to keep rooms comfortable year-round.
Many of these sustainable living house designs utilize green technologies, such as ground source heat pumps, solar photovoltaic panels, and phase change thermal storage to ensure sustainability. Moreover, their construction requires less alteration to the natural environment, which allows them to coexist with local wildlife. This type of home also provides additional benefits, including natural soundproofing, and can save on energy costs since they require less heat to maintain a comfortable temperature.
Passive solar homes
There are several different ways to make a house more sustainable, including passive solar design. This type of home uses sunlight to heat the house and provide natural light, making it more energy efficient than traditional houses. It also doesn’t use any fossil fuels, which reduces greenhouse gas emissions and pollutants.
Passive solar homes are designed to take advantage of the sun’s rays by positioning windows in a way that maximizes direct sunlight during the winter and shaded during the summer. This allows the home to be warm in the winter and cool in the summer without any mechanical systems.
Other features include thermal mass such as concrete, brick and stone and control strategies like properly sized roof overhangs that can help shade vertical south-facing windows during the summer. This combination of design, insulation and overhangs allows the home to capture the free, renewable heat from the sun and achieve net-zero energy use. These features are also very affordable and easy to implement.
Unlike traditional homes, pre-manufactured houses are produced in factories and shipped to the site of construction, where they are permanently assembled. This method of construction saves time and energy, making it a sustainable option for eco-friendly living. Pre-fabricated houses also require fewer materials and are more durable than other types of structures.
Another example of a sustainable house is one built into the side of a hill. This type of structure provides natural insulation, as well as blending into the surrounding landscape. This eco-friendly design reduces the need for air conditioning and heating, which in turn decreases overall energy consumption.
Another sustainable building technique is the use of structural insulated panels, or SIPs. These are made of oriented strand boards and a thick layer of insulating foam that provide a more efficient alternative to wood framing. These homes require less energy than traditional stick-built homes and can withstand hurricanes with ease. Additionally, they are much cheaper to build than a typical home and can hold a higher resale value.
The Dune House
The Dune House is a sustainable living home that integrates with the surrounding landscape. It harvests geothermal temperatures by burying steel piles underneath the earth, and the roof is draped with native vegetation to absorb carbon. The house also uses a solar thermal and photovoltaic system for energy.
The home features unpolished concrete floors, oak wood, and plants throughout. The design of the house allows for a close connection with nature, as all rooms have a view of the surrounding dunes. The top floor’s wild gables encase private spaces, a nod to traditional seaside holiday homes.
The Dune House was designed by Oslo-based architects Einar Jarmund and Hakon Vigsnaes. Its angular silhouette and cubist forms give it a futuristic look, but the architects were careful not to overdo it. They wanted the structure to blend seamlessly with the landscape and feel “immersed rather than imposed.” Its unique shape is made possible by a system of steel and timber beams, which allow it to rotate in response to changing wind conditions.